2017/10/26 上午 10:14:38
講題：PREHISTORY OF CALIFORNIA’S NORTHERN CHANNEL ISLANDS AND RELATIONSHIPS WITH MAINLAND PREHISTORY
講者：Michael A. Glassow (Professor Emeritus and Research Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of California)
Over the last few decades, knowledge of cultural development on the northern Channel Islands of California has expanded significantly. We now know that occupation began least 12,500 years ago, that plant food resources were an important part of an otherwise marine-based diet, that occupation of sites in the islands’ interiors was just as important as along the coast, and that interaction with mainlanders was relatively intensive beginning at least 6,000 years ago.
Some of the discoveries on the islands have changed our views of California prehistory and the ecological adaptations of the earliest inhabitants of the North American Pacific coast. As well, new techniques for extracting data from archaeological materials have deepened understanding of subsistence and settlement patterns.
講題：LEARNING FROM THE ANCIENT MAYA AND EL PILAR: CONSERVATION OF CULTURE AND NATURE IN THE MAYA FOREST
講者：Anabel Ford (President, Exploring Solutions Past ~ The Maya Forest Alliance and Director, ISBER/MesoAmerican Research Center, University of California)
The Maya forest is a garden, so say economic botanists. This garden is the legacy of the ancient Maya who co-created the forest landscape over millennia. This great civilization built magnificent Temples, managed interconnected water reservoirs, calculated math using zero, predicted astronomical movements, and recorded historical events in stone. It has been assumed that the Maya collapsed because of environmental mismanagement.
This presentation will show that the traditional Maya agricultural cycle works with nature, conserves water, enhances soil fertility, manages biodiversity, inhibits erosion, and feeds people. We are showing this example at the major Maya center of El Pilar. This locally grounded model provides the essentials for sustaining the landscape of the tropics and beyond.